The Beatles - Yellow Submarine

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Posted on Sun, 03/30/2014 - 6:50pm
by Angie Spray

Member since: Sat, 01/03/2015
 

Release Type

Studio Album

Release Year

1969

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Label

Apple Records

 

Album Overview

Yellow Submarine is the tenth studio album by the English rock band the Beatles, released on 13 January 1969 in the United States and on 17 January 1969 in the United Kingdom. It was issued as the soundtrack to the animated film of the same name, which premiered in London in July 1968. The album contains six songs by the Beatles, of which "Yellow Submarine" and "All You Need Is Love" had previously been released as singles. The remainder of the album was a re-recording of the film's orchestral soundtrack by the band's producer, George Martin.

The project was regarded as a contractual obligation by the Beatles, who were asked to supply four new songs for the film. Some songs were written and recorded specifically for the soundtrack, while others were unreleased tracks from other projects. The album was issued two months after the White Album and was therefore not viewed by the band as a significant release. Yellow Submarine has since been afforded a mixed reception from music critics, some of whom consider that it falls short of the high standard generally associated with the Beatles' work. It reached the top 5 in the UK and the US, and has been reissued on compact disc several times.

Tracks

TrackTitleDuration
The Beatles
1Yellow Submarine
Notes

Written-By: Lennon-McCartney

2Only A Northern Song
Notes

Written-By: George Harrison

3All Together Now
Notes

Written-By: Lennon-McCartney

4Hey Bulldog
Notes

Written-By: Lennon-McCartney

5It's All Too Much
Notes

Written-By: George Harrison

6All You Need Is Love
Notes

Written-By: Lennon-McCartney

7Original Film Score
8Pepperland
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

9Sea Of Time
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

10Sea Of Holes
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

11Sea Of Monsters
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

12March Of The Meanies
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

13Pepperland Laid Waste
Notes

Written-By: George Martin

14Yellow Submarine In Pepperland
Notes

Arranged By: George Martin
Written-By: Lennon-McCartney

Background and Recording

The album arose from contractual obligations for the Beatles to supply new songs to the soundtrack to United Artists' animated film Yellow Submarine. Having recently completed their album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in April 1967, the group showed minimal enthusiasm for the project. Along with the music for their Magical Mystery Tour TV film, the Yellow Submarine soundtrack was part of a period that author Ian MacDonald later described as the band's "regime of continuous low-intensity recording ... it had a workaday quality about it – an intrinsic lack of tension which was bound to colour the resulting material."

Only one side of the album contains songs performed by the Beatles; of the six, four were previously unreleased. "Yellow Submarine" had been issued in August 1966 as a single, topping the UK chart for four weeks, and had also been released on the album Revolver. "All You Need Is Love" had been issued as a single in July 1967.

Of the unreleased tracks, the first to be recorded was George Harrison's "Only a Northern Song", during the sessions for Sgt. Pepper. It was taped in February 1967 but subsequently shelved, along with an unfinished instrumental written by Harrison. The song was originally titled "Not Known" and the lyrics reflect Harrison's displeasure at being merely a contracted songwriter to the Beatles' publishing company, Northern Songs.

"All Together Now" was recorded in a single session on 12 May 1967, specifically for the film project. The title came from a phrase Paul McCartney had heard as a child, to encourage everyone to sing music hall songs. He later described the song as "a throwaway".

The band recorded Harrison's "It's All Too Much" in late May 1967. The Beatles had unlimited studio time to experiment and record whatever songs came to hand at Abbey Road, but this session took place at De Lane Lea Studios. The original take ran for over eight minutes, and Harrison briefly quoted a line from the Merseys' 1966 song "Sorrow".

John Lennon's "Hey Bulldog" was recorded on 11 February 1968 and evolved from an initial intent to shoot a promotional film for the single "Lady Madonna". Like "All Together Now", it was specifically recorded with the film soundtrack in mind. The track's ending featured a jam session after the point where a fade-out was intended in the final mix, which was kept in the finished version.

Side two features a re-recording of the symphonic film score composed by Martin, specifically for the album. The recording took place with a 41-piece orchestra over two three-hour sessions on 22 and 23 October 1968 in Abbey Road, and edited down to the length on the LP on 22 November. Martin's arrangement quoted from his earlier work for the Beatles; for example, "Sea of Time" includes a brief extract of a melody from "Within You Without You" from Sgt Pepper.

Release

The film received its worldwide premiere in London in July 1968, by which time the Beatles were busy working on their eponymous double album, The Beatles, commonly called "the White Album". Ultimately, the Beatles were enthusiastic about the finished film, and did more to associate themselves with it after release. Having been delayed so that it would not clash with the release of The BeatlesYellow Submarine was issued by Apple Records on 13 January 1969 in the US and on 17 January in the UK. The album was issued in stereo only in the US, while the UK album was available in both stereo and mono, although the mono version is simply a fold-down (a combination of two stereo channels into one mono) rather than a specific mix. Since "All You Need Is Love" had been rush-released a single, it did not have an official stereo mix. Although the track was released on the US LP Magical Mystery Tour, an official stereo mix of the track was not made until 29 October 1968 for the album. In the US, 8-track tape versions featured "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" as an extra song on side two.

Artwork

The artwork on the sleeve contains a drawing of the Beatles as featured on trailer posters, created by Heinz Edelman. The same basic design was used for the UK and US covers, though the UK jacket contains the words "Nothing is Real" (taken from "Strawberry Fields Forever") just below the album's title, while the US version did not.

On the back of the cover, the UK album contained a review of the White Album written for The Observer by Tony Palmer. The review was introduced by a few liner notes by Apple press officer Derek Taylor. The US cover contained a fictitious illustrated biography by Dan Davis of the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, in which the ensemble's battle with the Blue Meanies was compared to three other epic struggles in the history of the English-speaking world: Beowulf's struggle to save the Heorot mead hall, King John's signing of the Magna Carta and Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of Independence.

Unreleased EP

After mixed response to the album upon release, the Beatles considered releasing Yellow Submarine as a five-track mono EP without the film score but including the then-unreleased "Across the Universe" as a bonus track. The EP was mastered but never issued. The original running order for the EP was "Only a Northern Song", "Hey Bulldog" and "Across the Universe" on side one, with "All Together Now" and "It's All Too Much" on side two.

Reissues

The first compact disc release appeared in August 1987. It is consistent with the English version of the LP. The running order is the same, with "Sea of Time" and "Sea of Holes" as separate tracks; the "Nothing Is Real" subtitle remains intact, and the review of the White Album with Taylor's introduction is included inside the CD insert.

The album appeared in a revised version on 13 September 1999, coinciding with the remastered re-release of the film. Titled Yellow Submarine Songtrack, it dispenses with the George Martin orchestrations, and includes the six Beatles songs from the original album, along with an additional nine songs, all completely remixed for this disc.

The original album was remastered and reissued, along with the rest of the Beatles' catalogue, on 9 September 2009. This release included both the UK and US sleeve notes. The mono mixes of the four songs that were intended for the unreleased EP (along with "Across the Universe") were released for the first time on the Mono Masters collection as part of the box set The Beatles in Mono.

Reception

In contrast to the animated film, Yellow Submarine was not generally considered to be a significant release. Issued two months after The Beatles, it was one of the few Beatles releases that failed to top the charts in either the United Kingdom or the United States, peaking instead at number 3 and number 2, respectively. In Canada, Yellow Submarine topped the RPM national albums chart for two weeks, ending the White Album's 12-week run at number 1. On America's Billboard Top LPs chart, it was kept from the top by the same album.

Recalling the release in a special-edition issue of Mojo magazine, Peter Doggett writes that "The papers got all trippy for Yellow Submarine". Beat Instrumental bemoaned the paucity of new material by the band, but added: "be not of bad cheer. The George Martin score to the film is really very nice, and two tracks by George Harrison redeem the first side. Both [songs] are superb pieces, considerably more enthralling than the most draggy All Together Now, a rather wet track." In a review for International Times, Barry Miles considered Martin's score "superbly produced" and, of the songs, wrote only of "It's All Too Much", which he described as, variously, "Endless, mantric, a round, interwoven, trellised, tessellated, filigreed, gidouiled, spiralling" and "Happy singalong music". According to Beatles historian Mark Lewisohn, however, the band were "mildly criticized at the time" for failing to provide their customary "excellent value-for-money" with the soundtrack album.

More recently, AllMusic critic Richie Unterberger has written of Yellow Submarine: "The album would have been far better value if it had been released as a four-song EP ... with the addition of a bonus track in "Across the Universe" ... No one would argue that there's a huge amount more than meets the eye (or ear) there, but listening to the original album anew 40 years on, one is still struck by how mostly second-rate, and recycled and rejected Beatles material still sounds so good." Writing for Pitchfork Media, Mark Richardson opines that "the Yellow Submarine soundtrack is like the work of a supremely talented band that couldn't really be bothered" and describes "Hey Bulldog" as "a tough and funky piano-driven rocker, [and] by a good margin the best song here". Richardson concludes: "But as an album it's ultimately forgettable, which is something the Beatles so rarely were otherwise."

PopMatters' David Gassman views Martin's selections as "kind of twee and inconsequential" and the four new songs on side one as "fascinating", adding that "The material's tossed-off origins give it a character unlike any other Beatles album." While noting that the soundtrack was superseded with the 1999 release of Yellow Submarine Songtrack, Gassman writes: "No matter how you get them, though, the otherwise unavailable songs on this album ought to be part of any thinking Beatles fan's collection." Alex Young of Consequence of Sound writes: "as a whole, Yellow Submarine is a delightful album, even if it's still a less-than-acceptable inclusion in the Beatles canon", though he criticised the inclusion of Martin's score which he felt should have been sold as a separate release.

Track Listing

All songs written and composed by Lennon-McCartney, except "Only a Northern Song" and "It's All Too Much", by George Harrison.

All songs written and composed by George Martin, except "Yellow Submarine in Pepperland", by Lennon-McCartney.

Personnel

  • Paul McCartney – Lead and backing Vocals, spoken vocals, Bass guitar, Double bass, Trumpet, Handclaps, Percussion
  • John Lennon – Lead and backing vocals, spoken vocals, Rhythm Guitars, Lead Guitar, Ukulele, Banjo, Keyboards, Handclaps
  • George Harrison – Vocals, Acoustic Guitars, Lead Guitars, Keyboards, Percussion / Handclaps, Violin
  • Ringo Starr – Drums, Handclaps/Percussion, Backing Vocals, Lead Vocals (on track 1)

Credits

Composed By, Orchestrated By: George Martin
Producer: George Martin
 

Attribution

Yellow Submarine (album) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia : taken from - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_Submarine_(album) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/